Cervical Spondylosis Treatments
Cervical Spondylosis: Causes, Diagnosis , Symptoms, Treatments
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Cervical spondylosis is a common condition that affects the cervical spine or neck. It is caused by the wear and tear of the discs and joints in the neck due to ageing, injury, or other factors. Cervical spondylosis can cause pain, stiffness, and numbness in the neck, shoulders, arms, and hands. If left untreated, it can lead to serious complications. In this article, we will discuss the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of cervical spondylosis.
What is Cervical Spondylitis?
Cervical spondylitis is another name for cervical spondylosis. It is a condition that affects the cervical spine or neck, causing pain, stiffness, and numbness in the neck, shoulders, arms, and hands.
Causes of Cervical Spondylosis
The main cause of cervical spondylosis is the natural ageing process. As we age, the discs and joints in our neck begin to wear and tear, which can lead to the development of bone spurs or osteophytes. These bone spurs can put pressure on the spinal cord or nerve roots, leading to pain and other symptoms.
Other factors that can contribute to the development of cervical spondylosis include:
- Injury or trauma to the neck
- Poor posture or prolonged periods of sitting
Symptoms of Cervical Spondylosis
- Neck pain that may radiate to the shoulders and arms
- Stiffness in the neck
- Numbness or tingling in the arms, hands, and fingers
- Weakness in the arms or hands
- Headaches, especially in the back of the head
- In some cases, cervical spondylosis can also cause problems with balance, difficulty walking, and loss of bladder or bowel control. If you experience any of these symptoms, it is important to seek medical attention immediately.Risk Factors for Cervical Spondylosis
- There are several risk factors that can increase your likelihood of developing cervical spondylosis, including:
- Age: As we age, our discs and joints naturally degenerate, making us more susceptible to developing cervical spondylosis.
- Genetics: Some people may be more predisposed to developing cervical spondylosis due to their genetic makeup.
- Occupation: Jobs that require prolonged periods of sitting or standing, heavy lifting, or repetitive motions can increase the risk of cervical spondylosis.
- Poor posture: Sitting or standing with poor posture can put extra strain on the neck and contribute to the development of cervical spondylosis.
- Previous neck injury: People who have previously experienced a neck injury are at higher risk of developing cervical spondylosis.
Diagnosis of Cervical Spondylosis
- To diagnose cervical spondylosis, your doctor will perform a physical exam and may order imaging tests such as X-rays, MRI, or CT scans. These tests can help your doctor determine the extent of the damage to your neck and spinal cord.
- Cervical Spondylosis Treatment
- Treatment for cervical spondylosis will depend on the severity of your symptoms and the extent of the damage to your neck. In mild cases, treatment may include:
- Resting and avoiding activities that aggravate your symptoms
- Over-the-counter pain relievers such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen
- Hot or cold compresses to relieve pain and stiffness
- Gentle stretching and exercise to improve mobility
In more severe cases, your doctor may recommend:
- Prescription pain medication
- Physical therapy to improve strength and flexibility
- Corticosteroid injections to reduce inflammation and pain
- Surgery to relieve pressure on the spinal cord or nerve roots
Cervical Spondylosis Exercises
Regular exercise can help relieve the pain and stiffness associated with cervical spondylosis. Some recommended exercises include:
- Neck rotations to improve mobility in the neck
- Shoulder shrugs to relieve tension in the shoulders
- Arm and shoulder stretches to improve flexibility
- Isometric exercises to improve strength in the neck and shoulders
Cervical spondylosis is a common condition that affects the cervical spine or neck. It is caused by the wear and tear of the discs and joints in the neck due to ageing, injury, or other factors. Symptoms can vary from person to person but commonly include neck pain, stiffness, and numbness in the arms and hands. Treatment options range from rest and exercise to more invasive procedures like surgery, depending on the severity of symptoms. If you are experiencing any symptoms of cervical spondylosis, it is important to seek medical attention to properly diagnose and treat the condition. Additionally, taking preventative measures such as maintaining good posture and exercising regularly can help reduce your risk of developing cervical spondylosis.
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