Cervical myelopathy is a condition characterized by compression of the cervical spinal cord. This ailment often arises due to factors like herniated cervical discs, rheumatoid arthritis, or trauma. Symptoms encompass hand numbness, arm weakness, balance loss, and more. Swift diagnosis, usually through MRI scans and physical assessments, is crucial for effective treatment. While non-surgical methods like physical therapy and cervical braces exist, surgical interventions are often necessary for complete relief. For top-notch cervical myelopathy treatment in Thane, consider consulting Dr. Priyank Patel at The Spine Clinic, where expert care and personalized solutions await.
What is Cervical Myelopathy?
Cervical myelopathy refers to compression on the cervical spinal cord. Any space-occupying lesion within the cervical spine with the potential to compress the spinal cord can cause cervical myelopathy.
Causes of Cervical Myelopathy
While age is the most probable cause of cervical myelopathy in patients, some other spine conditions may contribute to spinal cord compression:
• Herniated cervical disc: A herniated disc may bulge abnormally or rupture painfully. This may result in pressure on spinal cord or nerve roots.
• Rheumatoid arthritis: This is an autoimmune disease that causes inflammation in the joint membrane called the synovium. This inflammation can eventually destroy the facet joints in the cervical spine and cause unnatural movement of the vertebrae.
• Trauma: A sudden injury, such as a car accident or sports collision, can cause the hyperextension of the neck, which can compress the spinal cord.
Symptoms of Cervical Myelopathy
The symptoms of cervical spondylotic myelopathy depend on the level(s) of the spinal cord that are involved and the pattern of the involvement.
Symptoms may include:
• numbness of the hands
• clumsiness of the hands
• arm and/or hand weakness
• leg stiffness (“walking like a robot”)
• loss of balance
• urinary urgency
• neck pain–may be present but is not usually a significant complaint
The timing of the appearance of symptoms and progression varies from person to person. The rate of progression of symptoms may also change over time. Symptoms may progress rapidly for a period of time and then enter a period of stability. Alternatively, the symptoms may progress slowly but steadily.
How is Cervical Myelopathy Diagnosed?
The earlier cervical myelopathy is diagnosed, the more successful the treatment is expected to be. However, cervical myelopathy symptoms are not unique to this condition and are often mistaken for “normal” signs of aging.
To diagnose cervical myelopathy, your doctor may:
• Conduct a physical examination and measure your muscle strength and reflexes.
• Conduct further tests, including an MRI scan, an X-ray or a CT myelogram of your neck.
• Conduct electrical tests to measure how well the nerves in your arms and hands communicate with your brain through the spinal cord.
Treatment of Cervical Myelopathy
There are some nonsurgical options for relieving cervical myelopathy symptoms, including physical therapy and a cervical collar brace. However, to eliminate the compression of the spinal cord and prevent worsening of the condition, surgery is often necessary.
There are a few surgical procedures your doctor may recommend for treating cervical myelopathy. Widening of the spinal canal (laminoplasty) can be a good motion-sparing option for some patients. Others may benefit from spine decompression surgery with spinal fusion, which is meant to stabilize the spine after herniated discs, bone spurs or ossified ligaments are fully or partially removed.
These surgeries can be performed from the back of the neck (posteriorly) or from the front of the neck (anteriorly). Your doctor will recommend a specific surgery approach based on your situation.
Cervical myelopathy is a condition characterized by the compression of the cervical spinal cord, often caused by factors such as herniated discs, rheumatoid arthritis, or trauma. Its symptoms can vary but may include numbness, weakness, and balance issues. Timely diagnosis through physical examinations and imaging tests like MRI or X-rays is crucial. While non-surgical treatments like physical therapy and cervical braces may help alleviate symptoms, surgery is often necessary to relieve spinal cord compression. To seek the expertise of a specialist, individuals in Thane can consider consulting Dr. Priyank Patel at The Spine Clinic , known for its focus on spinal health and advanced surgical techniques. Dr. Patel is renowned as one of the best spine surgeons in Thane and cervical myelopathy specialists in Thane.
The Spine Clinic in Thane is dedicated to providing specialized care for spine patients. Our team of experienced staff, led by Dr. Priyank Patel, ensures that you receive the highest quality treatment for your spine-related concerns. Trust us as your go-to Orthopaedic Spine Doctor in Thane and the preferred Spine Clinic in Thane. Your spine health is in expert hands with Dr. Priyank Patel, the trusted “Backbone Doctor” in Thane.
The Spine Clinic, where your spine health is our top priority. Dr. Priyank Patel, renowned as a leading Spine Specialist Doctor in Mumbai and the Best Spine Surgeon in Mumbai, proudly heads our department in Thane. With a wealth of experience, Dr. Patel excels in managing acute and chronic spine conditions through medication, physiotherapy, or surgery.